Placental Complications & Risks of Birth Trauma

Placental Complications & Risks of Birth Trauma

by / Friday, 19 March 2021 / Published in Birth Trauma
Pregnant woman wearing a hospital gown holding her stomach.

Before birth, the placenta plays a crucial role in delivering oxygen and nutrients to the baby as it grows. In many cases, the pregnancy progresses without any issues involving the placenta. But in rare instances, there may be problems with the placenta that pose very serious risks for both the mother and child.

Placental Abruption

If the placenta separates from the uterus, this is known as placental abruption. This is the most common type of placental complication and it’s a particularly serious complication because this separation can disrupt the child’s supply of oxygen. This particular type of complication is linked to birth asphyxia, premature birth, and restricted fetal growth. It’s also a leading cause of neonatal and newborn death. In addition to the problems that can come with a lack of oxygen, premature births tend to have a higher rate of injuries around the time of birth than full-term babies.

Placenta Previa

Placenta previa is a complication that occurs when the placenta covers the cervix instead of attaching higher up in the uterus than it typically does. This is a condition that can occur in varying degrees. Sometimes, the placenta covers the entire entrance to the cervix, which is known as complete previa. But in other cases, the placenta may only cover part of the cervix, which is marginal or partial previa. Not only does placenta previa block a child from entering the birth canal, it can also result in bleeding.

It’s very common for the placenta to move around as pregnancy progresses, so sometimes, placenta previa may correct itself over time. But if it doesn’t and you’re getting close to your due date, it may be necessary for a doctor to order a C-section

Circumvallate Placenta

Circumvallate placenta is when the placenta is shaped in an unusual way. When this occurs, it can interfere with the baby’s ability to get the nutrients it needs. While this condition is rare, it can also increase the risk of placental abruption. Circumvallate placenta is also linked to complications like restricted growth, low amniotic fluid, and premature birth.

Placental Complications & Risks of Birth Trauma

Since the placenta is so critical in helping babies get the oxygen and nutrients they need, it’s essential that doctors carefully monitor the placenta to appropriately manage any complications that come up. Not all of these types of complications are easy to detect or treat, but doctors need to do everything they reasonably can.

Even if the problem with the placenta can’t be medically treated, it usually can at least be managed to avoid complications that can potentially result in birth injuries. For example, if a doctor doesn’t order a C-section when a patient close to their due date has placenta previa, it could make delivery more complicated. Or labor induction could be an appropriate response to placental abruption.

Contact a Michigan Birth Trauma Lawyer

The sad reality of birth trauma cases is that in many cases, they could have been prevented. If you experienced complications with your placenta during pregnancy and your child was injured around the time of birth, don’t hesitate to contact a birth trauma lawyer. These types of cases can be very complex and it’s important to have someone on your side who knows the law and can fight on your behalf. Even if your child is a few years old, you may still have legal options. At Goodwin & Scieszka, we’ve worked with many Michigan birth trauma victims. Contact us to find out how we can help you.

Image: iStock: blueshot

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